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SAT備考思路與詞匯:提分點評(二)

2014-03-05 14:18 來源:騰訊教育 李傳偉 我有話說

????閱讀上要講方法

????Step 4. Now, onto the long passages. I had loads of trouble with these before I found this method. I am going to give you my step-by-step method of attacking them, which I have found extremely effective, albeit somewhat more time-consuming. Before anything, you MUST read the short blurb before the passage. It gives you a sense (though always limited) not only of what the passage is going to be about, but also of the position and possible tone of the author. You will then be able to perhaps place yourself into the author's shoes. This is a good point right now to tell you that you MUST love the passage you are reading. Force yourself to love it - throw yourself into the passage with gusto. It works. Though it's quite ludicrous to be super-enthusiastic about a boy and his alfafa patch, with your enthusiasm comes retention, heightened focus, and an oddly vicarious interest in the passage. My general mental approach was a huge contributing factor in my getting an 800 in CR and a 2400 on the SAT.

????作者:閱讀上要講方法。閱讀最難,也有方法。是否有效,因人而異。第一步,閱讀文章開始的斜體部分(blurb),對文章的主題、作者、段落關系有所了解。這是沒錯的。至于是否能像原文中說的那樣與閱讀文章發生戀愛關系,因人而異。以欣賞的心情去讀一篇文章無疑更容易進入角色,更容易理解原文的內容。心理學研究表明,帶著抵觸情緒去讀一篇文章肯定不利于迅速理解其內容。而且,平時的閱讀情緒對個人能否持之以恒的影響很大。這和練托福閱讀與托福聽力如出一轍。如果討厭原文,就很難做下去。我常常把做閱讀視為增加知識、提升語言的手段。看到這樣的額外好處,學習動力應該更大。

????讀原文要有章法

????Step 5. After you have read that thrilling blurb, don't start reading the passage yet. Quickly jump to the questions, and as fast as you can, skim every question for line number references (don't read the choices or the full question yet). On some passages almost every single question has a line reference - on most others it's about over half. Very rarely will you see a passage with question without any line references (perhaps only rarely on a six question passage). Anyway, once you see a line reference (In lines 23-25 of the passage, the author is saying that...), you should bracket not the lines, but the sentence contained within the lines. This mark-up will allow you to focus in on that sentence once you begin to read the passage. Based on the question, you want to make a small annotation. For this question: (In lines 23-25 of the passage, the author is saying that...), you might make the annotation MEANING next to your marked-up sentence. Other annotations might include: SAYS THIS BECAUSE, REFERS TO, HOW SIMILAR TO PASSAGE 1, BACKS UP WHAT BEFORE (think crude caveman notations - they're more efficient). Go through all of the questions. Perhaps some of the references will not have any line numbers. If you see (In the last paragraph...), just put brackets around the last paragraph along with an annotation. If you see a general question referring to the passage as a whole, on the question circle the number of the question with a large circle. This means it's a general question and must be answered AFTER all the specific questions. I find this is always a very comfortable way of attacking the questions based on how College Board writes these questions.

????作者:讀原文要有章法。看問題,括句子,寫提示。這是看完斜體部分之后做的事情。瀏覽問題,不看選項,將原文對應的句子括起來,并在原文旁寫下問題的類型,如問“為何這么說”、“這句話的功能是什么”等,標記要簡明,如以“為什么”表示問原因等。對于涉及全文的問題,可以畫圓圈,留待最后回答。是否在原文標注帶行數的句子因人而異。如果選擇做標注,一定要迅速完成。

????閱讀要講詳略

????Step 6. Once you have marked up all the line references as fast as humanly possible, then the real art begins. You must read the passage. There is no way around reading every single word. But HOW you read it is the true art. Read the unmarked sections quickly yet efficiently, absorbing it briefly but not truly pausing to analyze. ONCE you hit a marked section, slow down and absorb it. If you feel that it would not disrupt your flow to answer the corresponding question, do so. If not, keep going a little more. A vast majority of the line reference questions (even complex ones such as inferences) can be answered after reading from the beginning to the point of reference. In a few instances, it may help to read past the point of reference, but NEVER read the whole passage through without pausing to answer questions. Your retention will be terrible and it's much better to handle the passage in small, manageable chunks. Also, when you answer a question, just circle in the answer in the test booklet. DO NOT BUBBLE IN THE ANSWERS UNTIL YOU FINISH THE ENTIRE PAGE, SOMETIMES EVEN THE PASSAGE. This is a huge time saver and it prevents you from making bubbling mistakes. The time saved is not necessarily the time difference in bubbling, but the time saved because it prevented you from breaking your focus. This is very important in CR. Don't break focus. If you're very low on time, however, you can bubble as you go.

????作者:閱讀要講詳略。真正的挑戰是如何閱讀原文。對于無句子標注的部分,要略讀,迅速吸收意思;對于有句子標注的部分,可以讀得仔細一些,而且,在不破壞閱讀連貫性的前提下,同時秒殺閱讀部分對應的題目。假如不太適應邊讀邊做題,可以等讀完一整段再做題。另外,每選好一個答案就在答案冊上填涂一個。第一個建議可以接受,第二個建議可以接受,也可以以三個為一組填涂答案。

SAT備考思路與詞匯:提分點評(二)

[責任編輯:李夢夢]

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